AWS offers a comprehensive suite of observability tools to gain insights into the performance and health of applications and infrastructure running in the cloud. These tools allow you to collect, correlate, and analyze telemetry data so you can detect and resolve issues quickly.
Why Observability Matters
Observability goes beyond just monitoring to help you understand why systems are behaving the way they do. With effective observability tools, you can:
- Understand application health
Detect problems early and investigate issues efficiently to minimize downtime for end users.
- Accelerate collaboration
Automate tasks while streamlining complex ones, enabling IT and business teams to work together and deliver exceptional experiences.
- Reduce operational costs
Even small performance improvements can add up to significant cost savings over time. Observability helps optimize capacity planning and use of reserved instances.
- Increase customer satisfaction
Improving availability and reliability builds fast, seamless experiences that allow customers and internal teams to operate efficiently.
AWS Observability Tools
Amazon CloudWatch is a core AWS observability tool. It collects logs, metrics, and events from AWS resources and applications.
For application performance monitoring, AWS X-Ray provides distributed tracing capabilities. It helps analyze and debug microservices architectures.
AWS also offers fully managed observability tools:
- Amazon Managed Service for Prometheus collects metrics from applications.
- Amazon OpenSearch Service stores and analyzes logs, traces, and metrics.
- Amazon CloudWatch Container Insights monitors containerized applications running on Amazon EKS and Amazon ECS.
- Amazon Managed Grafana provides visualization dashboards for operational metrics.
These tools offer a native integration, allowing you to correlate data for faster issue resolution and retrospective analysis. You can also build self-healing capabilities into your applications.
Centralized Monitoring with Prometheus and Grafana
Aggregating metrics into a centralized Prometheus instance allows you to visualize data in Grafana dashboards. This provides a comprehensive view of the health of distributed systems.
For example, a macro-level dashboard can display metrics for all microservices in an application. A drilldown dashboard can then show detailed metrics for a specific microservice.
Grafana also integrates with notification channels, enabling you to set alerts based on metrics.
Centralized Tracing with OpenSearch
OpenSearch Service can store all traces generated by applications instrumented with OpenTelemetry. Its Trace Analytics plugin visualizes aggregate and detailed trace information.
For instance, a dashboard view shows traces for endpoints across microservices. Selecting a specific trace then displays the various services involved and time spent in each.
Centralized Logging with OpenSearch
OpenSearch Service also aggregates application logs. Each log contains a trace ID, allowing correlation of traces and relevant logs for faster issue resolution.
The OpenSearch Discover UI filters logs by trace ID, showing logs spanning multiple microservices correlated by trace ID.
In summary, AWS offers a comprehensive suite of observability tools to gain insights into your applications and infrastructure running on AWS. Tools like CloudWatch, X-Ray, Prometheus, Grafana, and OpenSearch Service provide the core dimensions of observability – metrics, traces, and logs – allowing you to detect and resolve issues quickly.