The LAMP stack, which stands for Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP, is also applicable to Amazon Linux. Here’s a basic guide on how to install and configure a LAMP stack on Amazon Linux:
- Update your system: Always start by updating your system to the latest packages. You can do this by running the following commad:
sudo yum update -y
- Install Apache: Apache is a popular open-source web server. Install it with the following command:
sudo yum install httpd -y
Start the Apache service with the following command:
sudo service httpd start
To ensure Apache starts at every system boot, type:
sudo chkconfig httpd on
Install MySQL (MariaDB): MariaDB is a community-developed fork of the MySQL relational database management system. To install MariaDB, run the following command:
sudo yum install mariadb-server mariadb -y
Start the MariaDB service with the following command:
sudo service mariadb start
To ensure MariaDB starts at every system boot, type:
sudo chkconfig mariadb on
Secure your MariaDB installation by running:
You’ll be asked to set a root password and to answer a series of questions. You should respond “Y” (yes) to each of these questions.
- Install PHP: PHP is a popular server-side scripting language designed for web development. Install PHP along with a few common extensions with the following command:
sudo yum install php php-mysql -y
Restart the Apache web server to pick up the new PHP modules:
sudo service httpd restart
Test PHP Processing: To confirm that your server is configured correctly for PHP processing, create a very basic PHP script. Use
nano or your favorite text editor to create the file:
sudo nano /var/www/html/info.php
This will open a blank file. Add the following text, which is valid PHP code, inside the file:
Save and close the file. Now you can test whether your web server is able to correctly display this page. If you go to http://your_server_ip/info.php, you should see a web page that has been generated by PHP with information about your server.
Remember to replace
your_server_ip with your server’s public IP address. If you see this page, then your PHP is working as expected.
You might want to remove this file after this test because it could actually give information about your server to unauthorized users. To do this, you can type this command:
sudo rm /var/www/html/info.php
That’s it! You have now installed a LAMP stack on your Amazon Linux server.
Please note that this is a basic guide. Depending on your specific needs, you might need to configure your LAMP stack differently.