I can provide you with a list of top 10 interview questions and answers that a Professional Cloud Developer might encounter in an interview, particularly regarding the AWS Transfer Family. These questions cover general concepts and specific services within the AWS ecosystem. Please note that these questions are focused on AWS Transfer Family, not AI Gateway or Lambda Function, as requested.
- Q: What is AWS Transfer Family, and which protocols does it support?
A: AWS Transfer Family is a fully managed service that enables secure file transfers to and from Amazon S3 or Amazon EFS using popular file transfer protocols. It supports the following protocols: SFTP (Secure File Transfer Protocol), FTPS (File Transfer Protocol Secure), and FTP (File Transfer Protocol).
- Q: How does AWS Transfer Family ensure data security during file transfers?
A: AWS Transfer Family uses encryption for data at rest and in transit. For in-transit encryption, it uses SFTP (SSH) and FTPS (SSL/TLS). Additionally, you can integrate AWS Transfer Family with AWS Key Management Service (KMS) for server-side encryption of data stored in Amazon S3.
- Q: How do you manage user authentication and access control in AWS Transfer Family?
A: You can manage user authentication in AWS Transfer Family through IAM roles or by integrating it with your existing identity provider using a custom identity provider. For access control, you can use IAM policies, S3 bucket policies, and VPC endpoints.
- Q: Can you explain the process of setting up an AWS Transfer Family server?
A: To set up an AWS Transfer Family server, you need to follow these steps:
Create an S3 bucket or EFS file system for file storage.
Navigate to the AWS Transfer Family console and click “Create server.”
Choose the protocol(s) you want to enable and configure any optional settings, such as custom hostname, endpoint type, or logging.
Set up user authentication and configure access control.
Finally, start the server and provide users with the necessary credentials and endpoint information.
- Q: What are the available endpoint types for AWS Transfer Family servers?
A: AWS Transfer Family supports two endpoint types: Public and VPC. Public endpoints are accessible over the public internet, while VPC endpoints are accessible within your Amazon VPC, providing more control and security.
- Q: How do you monitor and troubleshoot AWS Transfer Family servers?
A: AWS Transfer Family integrates with Amazon CloudWatch, which provides monitoring and logging capabilities. You can monitor metrics such as data transfer rates, session count, and error rates. Additionally, you can enable AWS CloudTrail to log API calls for auditing purposes.
- Q: How do you scale AWS Transfer Family servers to handle increased workloads?
A: AWS Transfer Family automatically scales with the number of incoming connections and can handle varying workloads without requiring manual intervention.
- Q: Can you explain how AWS Transfer Family integrates with AWS Organizations?
A: AWS Transfer Family supports AWS Organizations, allowing you to create and manage servers for your entire organization from a single AWS account. This simplifies billing, compliance, and resource sharing across multiple accounts.
- Q: How does AWS Transfer Family handle pricing?
A: AWS Transfer Family uses a pay-as-you-go pricing model. You pay based on the number of hours your server is running, the amount of data transferred, and any additional features you choose, such as custom domain names or VPC endpoints.
- Q: Can you migrate existing file transfer workflows to AWS Transfer Family?
A: Yes, you can migrate existing file transfer workflows to AWS Transfer Family by reconfiguring your file transfer clients to use the AWS Transfer Family server endpoint and updating your authentication and access control settings.